What is first child and last child in CSS?

The :first-child pseudo class means “if this element is the first child of its parent”. :last-child means “if this element is the last child of its parent”. Note that only element nodes (HTML tags) count, these pseudo-classes ignore text nodes.

How do I use first child and last child in CSS?

CSS :last-child Selector

  1. Definition and Usage. The :last-child selector matches every element that is the last child of its parent. Tip: p:last-child is equal to p:nth-last-child(1). …
  2. Browser Support. The numbers in the table specifies the first browser version that fully supports the selector. Selector. …
  3. CSS Syntax. :last-child { css declarations;

What does first child mean in CSS?

The :first-child selector allows you to target the first element immediately inside another element. It is defined in the CSS Selectors Level 3 spec as a “structural pseudo-class”, meaning it is used to style content based on its relationship with parent and sibling content.

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How do you write last child in CSS?

CSS :nth-last-child() Selector

  1. Specify a background color for every <p> element that is the second child of its parent, counting from the last child: p:nth-last-child(2) { …
  2. Odd and even are keywords that can be used to match child elements whose index is odd or even. …
  3. Using a formula (an + b).

What will match the given CSS selector body * First Child?

The :first-child selector is actually similar to :first-of-type but there is a difference: it is less specific. … The :first-child matches only the first child of a parent element whereas :first-of-type matches the specified element’s child even if it is not the first one.

How do I call my first child in CSS?

The :first-child CSS pseudo-class represents the first element among a group of sibling elements. Note: As originally defined, the selected element had to have a parent. Beginning with Selectors Level 4, this is no longer required.

See also

  1. :-moz-first-node.
  2. :first-of-type.
  3. :last-child.
  4. :nth-child()

19 февр. 2021 г.

How do you select the first child in CSS?

If you want to select and style the first paragraph inside a container, whether or not it is the first child, you can use the :first-of-type selector, which, as the name suggests, will select the first element of its type, whether or not it is the first child of its parent.

How do you use the nth of type?

CSS :nth-of-type() Selector

  1. Specify a background color for every <p> element that is the second p element of its parent: p:nth-of-type(2) { …
  2. Odd and even are keywords that can be used to match child elements whose index is odd or even (the index of the first child is 1). …
  3. Using a formula (an + b).
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How do I target a direct child in CSS?

The child combinator ( > ) is placed between two CSS selectors. It matches only those elements matched by the second selector that are the direct children of elements matched by the first. Elements matched by the second selector must be the immediate children of the elements matched by the first selector.

How do I select the first sibling in CSS?

It is not possible using CSS as currently defined and implemented. It would require a selector that selects an element on the basis of its siblings after it. CSS selectors can select an element on the basis of preceeding or outer elements, but not on the basis of following or inner elements.

What is last child in CSS?

The :last-child CSS pseudo-class represents the last element among a group of sibling elements. /* Selects any <p> that is the last element among its siblings */ p:last-child { color: lime; } Note: As originally defined, the selected element had to have a parent.

What is the difference between first child and first of type?

3 Answers. The difference between :first-child and :first-of-type is that :first-of-type will match the first element of its element type, which in HTML is represented by its tag name, even if that element is not the first child of the parent. … Note that :first-child is equivalent to :nth-child(1) .

How do I choose my last child?

The :last-child selector allows you to target the last element directly inside its containing element. It is defined in the CSS Selectors Level 3 spec as a “structural pseudo-class”, meaning it is used to style content based on its relationship with parent and sibling content.

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How do I select a child in CSS?

CSS :nth-child() Selector

  1. Specify a background color for every <p> element that is the second child of its parent: p:nth-child(2) { …
  2. Odd and even are keywords that can be used to match child elements whose index is odd or even (the index of the first child is 1). …
  3. Using a formula (an + b).

What are the CSS selectors?

CSS Selectors

  • Simple selectors (select elements based on name, id, class)
  • Combinator selectors (select elements based on a specific relationship between them)
  • Pseudo-class selectors (select elements based on a certain state)
  • Pseudo-elements selectors (select and style a part of an element)

What is the difference between HTML and CSS?

Quite simply, HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is used to create the actual content of the page, such as written text, and CSS (Cascade Styling Sheets) is responsible for the design or style of the website, including the layout, visual effects and background color.

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